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    防腐木涼亭在園林景觀中的應用

    來源:http://www.newpaltzjournal.com 時間:2022-11-21

    木材在園林景觀中的應用
    Application of Wood in Landscape Architecture
    1木質構筑物
    1 Wooden structures
    園林景觀中用木材構建的防腐木古建長廊、廊架、園橋、景墻等都屬于木質構筑物,它是伴隨著木材“自然的特質”和“低維護的特性”產生的,與山石、水體、植物互相配置,來豐富景觀空間層次,帶給人們自然輕松的感覺。在木制構筑物制作中,為了增加其牢固度和美感,木材經常與各種鋼、石、磚或混凝土等材料結合。在城市休閑廣場、公園內都能見到各種式樣的木質構筑物,給在室外活動的人們帶來非常大的便利,己成為人們活動環境中不可分割的一部分。一般是用防腐木來制作。
    In the garden landscape, the antiseptic wood ancient building corridors, racks, garden bridges, landscape walls, etc. constructed with wood are all wooden structures. They are produced with the "natural characteristics" and "low maintenance characteristics" of wood. They are configured with rocks, water bodies, and plants to enrich the landscape space and bring people a sense of natural ease. In the production of wooden structures, wood is often combined with various materials such as steel, stone, brick or concrete in order to increase its firmness and beauty. Various types of wooden structures can be seen in urban leisure squares and parks, which brings great convenience to people who are outdoors and has become an integral part of people's activity environment. It is generally made of antiseptic wood.
    2植物攀爬的廊架
    2 Rack for plant climbing
    廊架也稱綠廊或花架,木質的廊架制作成本低,施工速度快。廊架作為一種過渡空間存在于園林景觀中,它往往由一個景點通向另一個景點,或存在于景觀中點綴空間。廊架上爬滿紫藤、凌霄、薔薇等藤蔓或者葫蘆、金瓜等觀果類攀藤植物,與旁邊的樹木形成搖曳多姿的景色,營造出一種別致的自然景觀。
    The veranda is also called green corridor or flower rack. The wooden veranda has low production cost and fast construction speed. As a transitional space, the rack exists in the landscape, which often leads from one scenic spot to another, or exists in the landscape interspersed space. The veranda is covered with wisteria, trumpet creepers, roses and other vines, or fruit climbing plants such as gourd and honeydew, which form a swaying scene with the trees nearby, creating a unique natural landscape.
    3圍欄、護欄
    3 Fence and guardrail
    木材是制作護欄、圍欄的常用材料,用于橋梁、水邊、花壇邊、動物場館等區域的防護性與觀賞性圍欄。起到分隔和圍合空間、防護的作用,通過巧妙的與植物配置,來增加園林景觀的美感。一般都是應用碳化木、防腐木、塑木等材料制作。
    Wood is a common material for making guardrails and fences, and is used for protective and ornamental fences in areas such as bridges, waterside, flower beds and animal venues. It has the function of separating and enclosing the space and protecting, and increases the aesthetic feeling of the garden landscape through ingenious arrangement with plants. It is generally made of carbonized wood, antiseptic wood, plastic wood and other materials.
    4木質鋪裝棧道、平臺、游步道
    4 Wooden paved plank road, platform and footpath
    木質鋪裝的棧道、平臺、游步道與自然環境融合在一起,能夠為園林景觀增加單獨的美感和趣味,給人們帶來舒適、親切的感覺。在動物園內用木板與鵝卵石做成生態特色游步道,旁邊搭配仿真動物雕塑小品,來體現意境,突出動物園的文化特色;在南京紅山森林動物園內有多處動物場館的游客參觀道都是木平臺及木棧道,讓游客從不同的角度觀看動物,有身臨其境的體會。多選擇用防腐木,碳化木。
    Wooden paved plank roads, platforms, hiking trails and the natural environment are integrated, which can add a separate sense of beauty and interest to the garden landscape and bring people a comfortable and cordial feeling. In the zoo, wooden boards and pebbles are used to make an ecological trail, and the simulated animal sculptures beside it reflect the artistic conception and highlight the cultural characteristics of the zoo; There are many animal venues in Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo. The tourist paths are all wooden platforms and wooden plank paths, allowing tourists to see animals from different angles and have an immersive experience. Choose anti-corrosion wood and carbonized wood.
    5木質設施
    5 Wooden facilities
    在景區內,隨處可見各類型的木質景觀設施,如:座椅、標識系統、木制垃圾桶等,木制座椅質樸自然,與周邊環境能較好的融合,外型上點綴了園景,功能上滿足了游客休憩的需要,木質垃圾桶主要是喚發人們保護自然、愛護環境的意識;它們滿足了公共空間內使用功能和裝飾功能,成為景區內不可缺少的重要部分。
    In the scenic area, various types of wooden landscape facilities can be seen everywhere, such as seats, sign systems, wooden trash cans, etc. The wooden seats are simple and natural, which can be well integrated with the surrounding environment. The garden landscape is decorated on the appearance, which can meet the needs of tourists in terms of function. The wooden trash cans mainly arouse people's awareness of protecting nature and protecting the environment; They meet the use and decoration functions of public space and become an indispensable part of the scenic area.
    6制作動物木雕塑
    6 Making animal wood sculpture
    在動物園內,選擇木質較好的胡桃木、袖木和非洲蠟木為原材,創作出一系列令人贊嘆的仿真造型的動物木雕塑,點綴在花壇、花境、休閑廣場中,與層次豐富的植被、民間流傳的有關動物寓言故事相結合,來體現景觀空間和意境,突出動物園的文化特色,使其達到文化性、趣味性、科普性等多層意義。
    In the zoo, walnut, sleeve wood and African wax wood with better wood are selected as raw materials to create a series of amazing animal wood sculptures with simulated shapes, which are interspersed in flower beds, flower borders and leisure squares. They are combined with rich vegetation and folk fables about animals to reflect the landscape space and artistic conception, highlight the cultural characteristics of the zoo, and make it cultural, interesting Popular science and other multi-level significance.
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